ABSTRACT

Only a few years later, in 1911, Representative Raker of California, who was taking an active part in getting the Park Service established, developed a great interest in the promotion of Cinder Cone and Lassen Peak to the status of national park-under the name Peter Lassen National Park, after a Danish pioneer in California by that name. In the 62nd, 63rd, and 64th Congresses he worked for the new park, alone, for no one else in Congress seemed interested, although he had the support of chambers of commerce

of nearby towns and even of San Francisco, of several women's clubs, geologists, and other individuals. Presently nature came to help him, with a series of volcanic explosions from Lassen Peak, beginning in May 1914 and increasing in intensity until May 19, 1915. Snow-thirty-five to forty-five feet deep-was melted, and torrents of water and mud tore eighteen miles down the mountainside, pushing great and small boulders along and leveling large trees over a wide area. There would have been some loss of life but for heroic warning of inhabitants of exposed areas. Such spectacular eruptions were reported widely and no doubt made people volcano-conscious and well disposed toward Raker's bills.2 So when Raker brought up a bill on December 6, 1915, it passed with little discussion and no opposition.3