The courts' analyses considered to be contrary to prior decisions, and thus unpersuasive, even when the outcomes of the analyses were believed to be consistent with the objectives of the copyright law. Williams argues, the outcome of the case may be the same, but the rationales of the analysis would be made explicit and copyright objective of advancing society's growth in the arts and sciences would be safeguarded. As copyright holders and many governments are concerned about the possibility of the Internet becoming a 'global collection of copying machines' most national and international efforts to apply copyright regimes in the context of new technologies tend to be suggested in a way that results in strengthening copyright protection. The first global attempt to adapt the world's copyright laws to digital works began in 1989 when the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) decided to deal with how computers and networks affect copyrights.