This chapter lays out a discussion of several themes and issues faced by uni­ versity teachers throughout the world. Beginning with a narrative descrip­ tion of a typical university teacher, the notion is introduced that university teaching is a truly international activity, and thus a comparative perspective is useful for identifying and addressing shared concerns. Dimensions of uni­ versity teaching activity chosen for discussion in this chapter include: gen­ der and diversity among faculty and students; communication and language; faculty attitudes and behaviors; instructional methods; the impact of new technology in teaching and learning; and the evaluation of teaching. While these are just a few of the many issues faced by faculty worldwide, the over­ all intent of this discussion is to illustrate concerns which faculty in one coun­ try are likely to share with their colleagues in another part of the world, as well as demonstrate the value of looking at these issues from a comparative perspective.