ABSTRACT

Many ex-Securitate élites still consider Iliescu a traitor, who assassinated their leader and hero, Ceauçescu, and became the KGB's new 'man in Bucharest'.5 These rightists had been thrilled that Israel and Germany paid Romania for exit visas for dominant ethnic Jews and Germans, which also raised funds, qualified Romania for US trade access under the Jackson-Vanick law, and exported these minorities. From their standpoint it was unfortunate that Hungary would not take back its ethnic minorities because its own economy could not easily absorb them, and because, they felt, Hungary needed them to reconquer Transylvania. The rightists also lauded Ceauçescu's plans to rid Romania of nearly all its villages, especially the ethnic minority ones, as well as destroying urban, ethnic minority neighbourhoods. Ceauçescu had nearly paid off Romania's foreign debts and no longer had to kowtow to foreign imperialists. Their conducãtor reversed Alexander Dubcek's policy by criticizing the Warsaw Pact's 1968 invasion of Czechoslovakia but controlling the populace at home, thereby avoiding Soviet intervention, while producing a 'kind of national reconciliation', according to Pavel Câmpeanu.6 By 1989 only Securitate loyalists supported Ceauçescu, but their ideology and networks outlived him.