Schweitzer remained involved in peace agitation and his last public effort, just before his death in 1965, was to call for a cease-fire in the Vietnam War.36

In 1957 two organisations were formed; whilst not purely medical groups, doctors made valuable contributions to them in the continuing debate about peace and world co-operation. Pugwash and Sane became 'active' in 1957, the beginning of a period, as we shall see later, of increasing anti-nuclear sentiment.