Canada. however. has been different. As Donald Smiley. an expert on federalism. effectively refutes the proposition:

Another Canadian authOrity. Alan Cairns. refers to this development as the "great mystery for students of Canadian federalism ... 4

Political scientists agree that Canada is already more decentralized than any other industrialized country and that. especially since the early 1960s. decentralization measured by such indices as spending and taxing shares has proceeded apace. 5 Conversely. in the United States. federal power increased steadily from the Great Depression to the election of Ronald Reagan. And although Reagan sought to reverse the tendency. he managed only to slow down the growth.