THE depression in English agriculture following the long struggle with Napoleon is distinctive because of its severity, duration, and the numerous relief measures suggested. As in the case of any similar economic problem, the difficulties which the landlords and tenants encountered are to be explained, in part, by such environmental factors as the nature, practices, and products of farming at that time. A brief account of the important characteristics of English farming about 1800 and the effects of the Wars on the economic condition of the farmers will aid, therefore, in understanding the nature of the economic forces which turned prosperity into depression in the period following the Peace of Paris.