T h e MAOIST VISION s t il l h o l d s a p r o m ise OF PRODUCING A better model for development than the Manchester-PittsburghEssen-Kharkov-Nagoya example offers. In Maoist terms, urban concentrations with large factories using sophisticated technol­ ogy represent one “leg” of the policy of “walking on two legs”. The other leg is small-scale rural-based industry. The urban leg, as indicated in the last chapter, is to be kept from growing too large and overcrowded, and cities will be distributed over the country as a whole rather than concentrated in only one area. But it is the small-scale rural alternative to urban-centered growth which has principally caught the imagination both of Chinese revolutionaries and of outside observers. Such a design seems to fit the circumstances, needs, and values of a peasant and villagecentered China in both its traditional and its revolutionary set­ ting; it also appeals to Chinese, and to outsiders, as a far more at­ tractive path to development than is offered by grimy, de-humanizing, overcrowded cities. Perhaps the Chinese can in­ deed chart a better course.