Islam emerged out of a rudimentary beduin society in Arabia in the first quarter of the seventh century, and created from scratch an entire social order. How this came about, and how Islam developed after the death of its founder, Prophet Muhammad, form an important body of learning for the believers. The events of early Islam offered precedents upon which subsequent Muslim societies strove to organize themselves. It is to this seminal period of Islam that contemporary Muslims return for answers to such basic questions as those pertaining to a politicaladministrative entity as power, legitimacy, relations between the ruler and ruled, law and order, and social harmony.