FROM one' point of view the educative process may be said to include all the means by which the behaviour of human beings is modified through their contact with other human "beingseither directly or indirectly. (The learning process is much wider than this and includes changes attributable to maturing and to reactions to alterations in the physical environment.) Education does not, of course, take place only in schools. It does not result only from deliberate instruction or teaching. It is observable wherever modifications occur-whether they are modifications resulting from influences exerted by individuals on other individuals (or on groups) or changes consequent on the social pressure employed by groups in their handling of individuals. In both instances, the alterations produced may be modifications in knowledge (through the types of behaviour commonly described as memorising, analysing or reproducing). They may be changes in skill (in bodily habits, or activities). They may be modifications in values, attitudes and interests.