ABSTRACT

Politicalthoughtisinfluencedbythehistoricalcontextinwhichitisformulated.AftertheSecondWorldWar,whenInternationalRelationsbecame mainlyaUSscience,realismappearedasthefirstleadingschoolofthought, thecoreschoolwhichlaterprompteddifferentcriticisms.Yettheoriginsof thedisciplineasanindependentacademicinstitutionarefoundearlier.The beginningofInternationalRelationsisnotmarkedbyrealism,butbyan idealistmoment,itselfareactionagainstthediplomaticpracticesofnineteenthcenturydiplomacy.