Chapter 9, the conclusion, brings together the findings from this extended case study, placed within the broader contours of the history of the Museum of London, to show how and why ‘Peopling’ came about, bringing the book full circle in dealing with representations of empire at the United Kingdom’s foremost city museum. When taken all together this book argues that ‘Peopling’ was a critical moment of change in the Museum’s long history and a point in which the Museum began to take seriously London’s colonial past. Before the Museum of London’s planned move to Smithfield’s Market in 2023, a reassessment of the MoL, its history, and its social role is timely, and this book aims to provide a fitting look back on how the museum has met the challenge of representing the multicultural realities of London in the postcolonial era.