ABSTRACT

The concluding chapter summarizes the main findings of the book and examines their implications. It discusses how the notion of hybridization, which is at the core of the volume, has helped a fringe right-wing extremist group with no electoral support like CPI to drift into mainstream public and media debates in Italy. Hybridization strategies concerning internal structure, activism, mobilization and communication, in fact, assist fringe groups in attracting the resources necessary to sustain collective action, and to successfully reach audiences within and beyond the extreme-right milieu. The chapter also discusses the double-edged outcomes of hybridization. It explains why this strategy may bring high-profile visibility in public debates for fringe ideas, but not electoral influence. The chapter thus paves the way to long overdue interdisciplinarity and pluralism within political science, sociology and contemporary history, opening promising avenues for future research and debate on the far right in Europe and its relationship with the political mainstream.