Contrary to the widespread tendency to relativize the Holocaust and to employ it as a universal metaphor of evil, I would insist that the destruction of European Jewry is an unprecedented (phenomenologically, not morally) singular form of evil. Though many have sought, in various ways, to deny the uniqueness of the Shoah, the closer that one examines its detailed structure, and the intentionality of its creators, the more obvious it becomes that Auschwitz and Treblinka have no real historic parallels.