This chapter focuses on the development of the four established Western (individualistic) parenting styles. First, it traces the history behind these styles, then cites extracts from their originators to give a real flavour to the reader, and adds studies from research to support their standing in the Western world. Their applicability in the Eastern world is mentioned for comparison. Related issues like punishment and childrearing are mentioned, and a brief look at parenting measurement wraps up the chapter.