After having looked at what citizens do, at their practices of freedom, we now turn to how citizens are formed, to cultural reproduction and emancipation. Citizens do not come into the world all at once, in a fully mature state, but are formed through education and experience. The reproduction of citizens is primarily the business of adult members of society in their practice of freedom. But it is also a question of the admission to membership and the emancipation toward freedom of newcomers, of people in positions of quasi slavery, and of children who are being educated for entry into a particular culture and political regime. This chapter addresses one access route to citizenship: the education of children. Other ways along which citizens are formed, such as in immigration or in the discipline of performing a job, will be considered in subsequent chapters.