Participating … is the key word. In contrast to the many theoretical interpretations circulating today, African society has age-old experience of what it means. The challenge to planners and practitioners is to maintain wherever possible the vitality of this cultural legacy and of traditional support systems during this period of social change … Redressing the social ills of African society and improving the distribution of social services can be achieved only in the context of social planning. And I am not afraid to use the word planning … The ultimate purpose of development, it should not be forgotten, is to improve the well-being of people – all people.