230 The Great Uprising was called the “Sepoy Mutiny” by most British officials and writers. It was called the “First War of Independence” by some Indians and by at least one British official, Sir James Outram, who helped Havelock in the recovery of Lucknow. Using the same archival and library materials that the British scholars had a half century earlier, an Indian revolutionary, Vinayak D. Savarkar, wrote a book in 1906, calling it the First War of Indian Independence. The book was, as one would expect, banned in India and was clandestinely and widely circulated and translated. (page 240)