Much of the world was swept up in a quest for modernity that emerged from the killing fields of World War I. This new modernity questioned the previous decades’ forms of modernization, such as the new technologies of war that had produced the carnage of World War I. The new modernity undermined what had seemed to be solid values and ways of looking at the world. In addition, new artistic, literary, and musical forms of expression that deconstructed classical forms found adherents throughout the world in the interwar era.