Chapter 1 begins by addressing where postcolonialism is today, with particular reference to postcolonial Europe. It discusses how postcolonial Europe relates to postcolonial theory’s Anglo-centricity and the consequences for postcolonial critique of the tendency to turn the British Empire into the implicit imperial model. It moves on to consider how postcolonialism has become an extremely vigorous field of enquiry across Europe – to a limited extent in terms of regional foci, to an overwhelming extent in terms of a national focus; first, through the discursive positioning of the Francophone as exhibiting an “other” postcoloniality, and secondly, through the emergence of postcolonial scholarship across Europe, including countries that had no formal colonial relationships. It concludes by briefly discussing postcolonial Denmark’s position in this landscape.