ABSTRACT

Surgery lends itself to a mechanical view of the body: its role is to repair and replace body parts. It has a history of treating the body as a machine and the patient as a mechanical object. The discussions in this chapter describe a series of highlights in the history of surgery primarily from the time of Boyle. It includes short accounts of many surgical advances, describes an early operation, considers some surgical firsts, and tells about the beginnings of the modern hospital.