As soon as we move into the field of changing people— “psychoengineering”—we are involved in an ethical issue (Lakin, 1988). Because of the interactive quality of the ethical criteria (and the primitive mechanisms) I have discussed, this has implications for social science and the “good” society. In this chapter, I want to address, in the widest terms, the nature of political systems (totalitarian and democratic), as well as the nature of moral and ethical activity within a society. Such broad issues can necessarily only be touched on sketchily. The intention is to indicate possible lines of thought.