In this book I would like to draw attention to what one is able to unearth when one studies the letters between Anna Freud and Ernest Jones, and especially those written between 1933 and 1939 and centring on the problems that were generated by the persecution of the Jews and the forced emigration of German and Austrian psychoanalysts during the Nazi era. Initially, they discuss the problems encountered by those psychoanalysts who lived in Berlin during the early 1930s; they then move on to consider the plight of those who lived in Austria, and who, after the Anschluss, found that their already precarious situation had become totally untenable.