In prison, the lifer has had time to look at himself, with or without psychotherapy, and may have changed over the years. The change may be insignificant or significant. Sometimes change is based on truth; sometimes it is a long way from truth. It may even consist of a confidence trick in which more often than not the lifer himself is among those conned. How can the situation be assessed, including with the person who denies having killed somebody even though he or she has been found guilty at trial?