The following case material is presented to illustrate how the three components of the therapeutic process—interpretation, play, and transference and countertransference—are applied in the clinical situation. Paul was chosen because his material was very rich, and it was recorded in detail after every session. Also, while I have spoken about children for whom direct interpretation is too much, this was generally not the case with Paul. There were periods throughout the three years I saw him when he was resistant to the therapeutic process, and at these times I worked and stayed in the metaphor of the play. At other times I did use interpretation, and more specifically transference interpretations. Both of us were able to manage this.