ABSTRACT

Modem psychoanalysis arose within a scientific paradigm closely affiliated with medicine. The first psychoanalysts were doctors; analysts with an academic background but no medical training were termed lay analysists or non-medical analysts, and often had lower status than analysts with a medical background. The discipline of psychoanalysis borrowed status and social acceptance from the powerful advancements of medicine and natural science throughout the 1900s, where the dominant scientific paradigm had been influenced by positivist thought and method applied to a field of objects. 62Bion’s psychoanalysis does not abandon this paradigm. He was a soldier and a historian as well as a doctor. However, he completed or generalized this paradigm by rediscovering a immaterial inner world, inventing a space for this world and turning it into a field to which psychoanalysis can relate. 1 In consequence he created a new theory and methodology constituting the background for a general description of psychoanalytic abilities. He discovered what is termed the “analytic object”, which he gave the ultimate denomination “O”. He then demonstrated how this object grows into consciousness as an insight through sensation, myth and passion. This insight is on the part of both the analyst and the analysand. When it arises it becomes possible for the analyst to interpret, to “verbalize”. This verbalization may be a pure echo of what has passed, in which case it is superfluous; more frequently it is an approximation, and the conversation creates a movement towards a shared insight, their shared speech and shared language temporarily creating a common myth.