Recent calls for the reinvigoration of metropolitan forms of governance have been promoted as a solution to the lack of strategic planning caused by inevitable conflicts in funding and responsibility between municipal and state or provincial governments. New forms of metropolitan governance are not necessarily competitors to other layers; instead they can have a narrow and highly strategic remit of responsibility.

Chapter 6 introduces the concept of governance at a metropolitan scale. In doing so, it explores concepts from ecology and ecosystems thinking to identify relationships between governance and landscape planning and management. This chapter interrogates the concept of governance in the context of planning and land management at a metropolitan scale. Then it considers the advantages and disadvantages of different forms of governance and what models are effective in planning and managing the metropolitan landscape.