In this book I have examined three traditions of thought about welfare and freedom. I have looked at the present-day manifestations of these traditions, and compared their approaches to current social problems. I have suggested ways in which the future development of welfare is related to key arguments about freedom and social obligation. It seems to me that each of these traditions has important insights to offer which are relevant to us in our present dilemmas. I shall now attempt to summarise the strengths and weaknesses of the analyses of freedom and welfare in each tradition.