Chapter 3 provided an in-depth, first-hand analysis of the meaning and content of one specific dimension of self-determination, namely the right as it attaches to the people of independent states. In so doing, it outlined a core legal meaning attributed to self-determination that can be traced in the law and literature alike. The present chapter builds on these findings and sets out an interpretation of the character of self-determination that is to be conceptualised into a complex and multi-faceted norm of international law. Taken together, the two chapters provide the first systemic account of this specific dimension of self-determination.