This chapter focuses on South Africa’s positions on the UN Human Rights Council on the human rights of social groups that are often the target of discrimination and violence. The chapter is organised around three themes: race and racism, women’s rights, and sexual orientation and gender identity. While South Africa’s overall record is affirmative of human rights related to the aforementioned themes, it is also inconsistent. The more violations were concentrated among South Africa’s allies the softer and more ambivalent South Africa’s positions became. South Africa’s positions on racism are uncompromising, softer on women’s rights, and very tentative on violations related to sexual orientation and gender identity.