This chapter consists of two parts. The first gives an overview of international human rights since World War 2 and highlights the inconsistent yet central role of the West in the advancement of human rights. The second part describes the evolution of the UN Human Rights Council from being as flawed as its failed predecessor, the UN Commission on Human Rights, into a clearly liberal direction. It will be argued that the United States under the administration of President Barack Obama was vital to the Council’s liberal reorientation.