The future will be less dominated by the West, but will it also be less liberal? For the liberal international order to endure it will need support from outside the West. Will developing country democracies provide such support? To address this question, this book examines the commitment of an important such democracy (South Africa) to one liberal value (human rights) in one institution of the liberal international order (the United Nations Human Rights Council). In addition to introducing the aforementioned question, the chapter provides an overview of the Human Rights Council, discusses the anti-imperialist strain in South Africa’s foreign policy, and reflects on how to identify both anti-imperialist and pro-human rights behaviour on the Council.