If all these contradictions are recognized one can know why China is in a shaky and hopeless and anarchic state. One can also know why a revolutionary high tide against imperialism, warlords and landlords is not just inevitable but even imminent. The whole of China is covered with dry tinder that will very rapidly burst into flame. ‘A single spark starting a prairie fire’ is a fitting description of the present state of affairs (‘Single Spark’, 1930).