The name of Liszt appears among the Hungarian aristocracy as far back as the middle of the sixteenth century, but owing to lack of documentary evidence, no direct connection can be traced between Johann Liszt, Bishop of Raab, and the subject of this memoir. Still, though his immediate forebears were not in affluent circumstances they were of aristocratic appearance and demeanour, indicating a far from plebeian origin. The grandfather, Adam Liszt (born in 1755), was steward to the estates of Prince Esterhazy, which would argue a certain social position, though his salary was small. He was thrice married, and had no less than twenty-six children, most of whom grew up and were forced to scatter abroad under different names. Three of them remained at home and rose to some distinction, these being (1) the eldest born, Adam, who was the father of the great musician, (2) Anton, a child of the second marriage, who became an eminent horologist in Vienna, and (3) Eduard, a man of commanding intellect, who rose to be Imperial 2Austrian Procurator-General and was a person highly and widely esteemed. He died in 1879, leaving several children.