The Italian government started to implement the technical and normative directives finalized to regulate the internment of civilians in the mid-1920s, coordinating them closely with other actions undertaken to prepare Italy’s possible entry into war. 2 Indeed, the “General Plan to prepare the Nation for war,” contained the beginnings of an outline of the general terms for military and civilian mobilization, dated back to June 1925; 3 these initial outlines were to be further developed in subsequent years.