ABSTRACT

The World Bank projects that the most severe socioeconomic impacts are likely to be caused by climate conditions that particularly affect those living in coastal regions where inhabitants

face a world where climate change will increasingly threaten the food supplies of sub-Saharan Africa and the farm fields and water resources of South Asia and South East Asia within the next three decades, while extreme weather puts their homes and lives at risk. 1

Along with threatening the yield of crops (cereal and non-cereal), in East Africa there is already the risk of a decrease in per capita water availability to the point of reaching scarcity levels. 2 In addition, the World Bank report observes that:

many of their poorest residents are being pushed to the edges of livable land and into the most dangerous zones for climate change. Their informal settlements cling to riverbanks and cluster in low-lying areas with poor drainage, few public services, and no protection from storm surges, sea-level rise, and flooding. 1