ABSTRACT

Of the spatialities that emerged from the Great War, the bagh had the longest political history, and the Moderate-backed Bengali Regiment the shortest. But, a book that considers spatial discourses during a crucial decade in colonial India, the Great War and its aftermath, can scarcely conclude without looking at the spatialities of Hindu-Muslim interactions and the territorialities these movements generated, and without assessing the meaning of these discourses for communal relations in this period. This concluding chapter traces, briefly, the political histories of the Khilafat movement and the continuation of the trope of the bagh, or garden, into the period of decolonisation, post-1947. The political history of the Khilafat movement being extensive, I explore the spatialities of Khilafat and indicate how the Islamic geographies it evoked became a point of divergence from the emergent Hindu rightwing within the Congress. The politics of exile and internment shaped these divergent territorial discourses, I suggest. The politics emerging from and attached to these sites of interaction affected intercommunity relations in late colonial India and had an impact on history and memory in modern India.