ABSTRACT

Historically, Western management theories, systems and practices have been regarded as the sine qua non in the efficient and effective management of both people and organisations. The emergence of Japanese management systems and practices, as well as their success in facilitating Japan’s stunning accomplishments in both commerce and industry, has evoked a great deal of curiosity and interest among scholars and researchers. For modern Western executives, the emergence of Japanese management systems and practices is a reality which beckons them to re-examine their modes and systems of management.