The subject ‘cross-border debt collection’ cannot be discussed in isolation from the legal relations operating in cross-border debts. As in domestic legal interactions, cross-border debts may arise on various legal grounds, e.g. torts, contracts and the obligations of family law. Probably the most frequent source of cross-border (private) debts is to be found in international business transactions. 1 Thus, in order to place the subject crossborder debt collection in the appropriate context, it is imperative to consider some of the characteristics of international commercial transactions.