This chapter provides an overview of sociological work, drawing on recent approaches to technology. It reviews different arguments in regard to the sociology of technology and examines the path to social change. After reviewing those classical and contemporary theories which define the impact of technological processes, this chapter explores the effects of sociological theory on technology and suggests that technological change derives from different societal traditions and as such accumulates and reflects social processes and cultures. It is argued that these views could build the basis for analysis of social conflicts in industrialized countries.