ABSTRACT

Sociological research related specifically to technology remains faithful to its functionalist origins. Theoretical sociology aims to provide solutions to a number of fundamental general problems centered on the concept of social structure, as T. Fararo 1 (1989:9) pointed out. In recent years, much criticism has been addressed to the functional analysis of this particular science. Mulkey’s 2 (1976:63) central argument, for instance, was that scientists deviate from some of the putative norms with a frequency that is remarkable if one takes into consideration that these norms are becoming firmly institutionalized. Another criticism, has been leveled against methodology; and specifically revolving around the question whether terminology has been standardized across all empirical studies. Information technology and its negative or positive impact on society and people is a theme of current debate, as are the implications of information technology at different social levels, namely, international, national and organizational.