In the last chapter we saw that social work was often described as an activity that had generic and specific aspects. In this chapter we shall examine some of the numerous statements that describe social work as a range of activities that take place within a number of specific ‘settings’. This common manner of reference has some connections with the ‘generic-specific’ ideas already discussed, but it is also worth consideration in its own right. The discussion will take the form of the previous chapter, a consideration of recent usage, followed by a review of some of the main ideas we should consider when we think of the settings of social work. In the previous chapter the emphasis was on conceptual analysis; in this it will be more on empirical considerations.