Citizenship is a term that is weighted with baggage of divisive western constructs such as nationhood, narrowing understandings and applications for children, and civics and citizenship education. This chapter deconstructs citizenship by mapping the landscape of citizenship and how waves of colonisation and globalisation shape understandings. In particular, the authors look at citizenship constructions and understandings in Australia and New Zealand, two nations formed through colonialist acts of physical, spiritual and emotional violence as well as political disenfranchisement and theft of lands, and now being further influenced by the impacts of globalisation. Both western and Indigenous perspectives of citizenship are explored, through discussion of the influence of social, cultural, political and historical contexts on shifting patterns in prevalent theories of citizenship.