Social, economic and political changes were, by the twentieth century, proceeding at such a rate that it was becoming more and more difficult for the practical man to bring about quickly enough essential modifications in existing institutions or to invent brand new institutions to cope with the emerging situation. Older traditions were being outdated and discarded even before new ones had been evolved. In the sphere of government history was being made daily. The function of the public administrator was being enhanced by these developments, the burden of his task immeasurably extended. It would require a treatise of the length of the present work merely to outline the new position as it had emerged by mid-century, and even then we should have reached no further than the day before yesterday.