The idea of the white man’s burden had gained popularity ever since the trial of Warren Hastings and the spectacular probing into the records of the East India Company. In the present chapter it will be attempted to draw a brief sketch of the humanitarian movement that commenced to affect broad sections of the British nation in the last quarter of the eighteenth century. This study will be focused upon the campaign against slave trade and slavery, the spread of missionary enterprise, and the new attitude towards the aborigines’ problem.