In this chapter, the reader will learn the dual essence of criminal justice—the social order and the moral order. The reader also will learn another duality that exists in criminal justice—the ideal model and the serviceable model. You will see how these two models are present in the juvenile justice system, namely, how the realities of juvenile justice do not match the ideal pronouncements about how juvenile justice is supposed to operate. For example, juvenile prisons are rife with problems; one result is high recidivism.