In the extreme north-eastern corner of Moravia, where to-day Germany, Poland, and Czeeho-Slovakia border on one another, there lies among the foothills of the Beskiden and the Moravian Mountains a rolling upland, charming and fertile, draining into the Oder on one side and the Danube on the other, and known by the name of Kuhländchen. Politically this region lacks unity, for part of it is in Moravia and part in Silesia. It comprises the broad valley of the upper Oder, with its fragrant meadows and smiling fields, well watered by abundant rivulets. We do not know for certain whether the name of Kuhländchen derives from the fact that a fine race of cattle has long been bred here, or arose because in ancient days the territory was ruled by the Slav family of the Krawars, whose dominion centred in the fortress of Teschen.