This chapter examines community policing’s role in crime prevention. The chapter begins with the theoretical foundations for crime prevention, with discussions of social disorganization, rational choice, and routine activities theories. Community policing requires police departments to think outside the box and uses a variety of community partnerships to address crime problems. Next, a discussion of the types of crime prevention strategies occurs, including social development, situational prevention, community crime prevention programs, legislative/administrative programs, and police programs. Within these overviews, discussions of crime prevention through environmental design (CPTED), situational crime prevention and neighborhood watches occur.