It is a fact that pollution from waste and chemicals affects the environment, human health, and sustainable development in a catastrophic way. Indeed, the release of polluting substances into the natural environment (atmosphere, water and soil) causes serious imbalances in the ecosystem, often irreversible damage, and adverse effects on the health of human beings, plants and animals. These polluting elements can be of different kinds: gas, dust, combustion residues, liquids, but also electromagnetic radiation, radioactive substances, noise and vibrations. With the exception of the very few causes of natural release, such as the emissions of sulfur and carbon dioxide caused by volcanic eruptions, anthropic activities are heavily polluting the environment. One of the main causes of pollution is certainly the increasing production of waste, plastic waste and their improper or unsound disposal. Increased waste production is mostly a negative effect of the political choice to induce economic growth by increasing consumption.