ABSTRACT

The Memorial is here printed from the manuscript of Paine now among the Morrison Papers, in the British Museum,—no doubt the identical document penned in Luxembourg prison. The paper in the United States State Department (vol. vii., Monroe Papers) is accompanied by a note by Monroe: "Mr. Paine, Luxembourg, on my arrival in France, 1794. My answer was after the receipt of his second letter. It is thought necessary to print only those parts of his that relate directly to his confinement, and to omit all between the parentheses in each." The paper thus inscribed seems to have been a wrapper for all of Paine's letters. An examination of the MS. at Washington does not show any such " parentheses," indicating omissions, whereas that in the British Museum has such marks, and has evidently been prepared for the press,—being indeed accompanied by the long title of the French pamphlet. There are other indications that the British Museum MS. is the original Memorial from which was printed in Paris the pamphlet entitled:

"Mémoire de Thomas Payne, autographe et signé de sa main: addressé à M. Monroe, ministre des Etats-unis en france, pour reclamer sa mise en Iiberté comme citoyen Americain, 10 Sept. 1794. Robespierre avait fait arretîr Th. Payne, en 1793—il fut conduit au Luxembourg ou le glaive fut longtemps suspendu sur sa tete. Aprés onze mois de captivité, il recouvra la liberté, sur la réclamation du ministre Américain—c'était aprés la chûte de Robespierre—il reprit sa place à la convention, le 8 decembre 1794. (18 frimaire an iii.) Ce Mémoire contient des renseigne151mens curieux sur la conduite politique de Th. Payne en france, pendant la Révolution, et à l'époque du procés de Louis XVI. Ce n'est point, dit il, comme Quaker, qu'il ne vota pas La Mort da Roi mais par un sentiment d'humanité, qui ne tenait point à ses principes réligieux. Villenave."